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Archive for March, 2014

Contributed by Emily Gainer.

In a 1986 paper given at an APA convention, Erika Fromm wrote, “I have pioneered quite a bit in my professional life, taken on joyfully many a challenge and explored novel things. Now I am at an advanced age, but nonetheless I hope to continue to investigate new things and to fight for what I believe in for some time to come” (Psychoanalysis and Hypnoanalysis: A Professional History and a Challenge, Box M5197, Folder 9).  Fromm’s pioneering, challenging, and novel contributions to the field of psychology are documented in her manuscript papers.  These papers are now available for research at the CHP.

Erika Fromm (1910-2003) was born to a Jewish family in Germany.  During 1933, she received her Ph.D. in experimental psychology from the University of Frankfurt, studying under Max Wertheimer.  After fleeing Nazi presence in Germany and Holland, Fromm immigrated to Chicago in 1938.  She worked as a research assistant, held a private psychotherapy practice, and began teaching in higher education. In 1961, she became a professor in the psychology department at the University of Chicago, where she would remain until her retirement.

Erika Fromm at an SCEH event in Newport Beach, 1973. Box M5135, Folder 10

Erika Fromm at an SCEH event in Newport Beach, 1973. Box M5135, Folder 10

Fromm is considered a pioneer in the use of projective psychological testing in the United States. Fromm’s greatest impact is in the fields of psychoanalysis and hypnosis. During her career, she published over 100 scholarly articles, trained thousands of clinicians, and gave workshops across the United States. Fromm continued her work well after retirement, publishing her final book in 2000.

In an early draft of her contribution to the book “Models of Achievement: Reflections of Eminent Women in Psychology, Vol. 2” (1987), Fromm summarizes her experiences as a psychologist.  Box M5198, Folder 3

In an early draft of her contribution to the book, Models of Achievement: Reflections of Eminent Women in Psychology, Vol. 2 (1987), Fromm summarizes her experiences as a psychologist. Box M5198, Folder 3

The Erika Fromm papers document the professional life of a psychoanalyst and clinical educator. The papers include correspondence, course materials, research files, and publications. Topics of particular note are hypnosis, self hypnosis, hynotherapy, hypnoanalysis, intelligence, dreams, and brain trauma.  They also document Fromm’s professional positions and involvement in professional organizations, notably the IJCEH and the SCEH.  Files relating to the self-hypnosis study conducted by Fromm are also found in this collection.

Caption: The Erika Fromm papers contain extensive files on Fromm’s self-hypnosis study.  Study participants kept diaries of their experiences (1976).  Box M5222

The Erika Fromm papers contain extensive files on Fromm’s self-hypnosis study. Study participants kept diaries of their experiences (1976). Box M5222

Diaries from the self-hypnosis study were also transcribed (1976). Box M5220, Folder 14

Diaries from the self-hypnosis study were also transcribed (1976). Box M5220, Folder 14

Search the finding aid for more information.  Please contact us to view the manuscript materials.

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Contributed by Katie Clements.

Katie is a student assistant at the CHP and has worked here since summer 2013. She spends much of her time organizing and pre-cataloging the CHP book collection.  She is a junior at the University of Akron and is majoring in Business Administration. 

When the winter weather gets you down, what do you yearn for to cheer you up? Sun, of course, but also adventure and excitement! Roy Chapman Andrews’ Under a Lucky Star: A Lifetime of Adventure [New York, The Viking Press, 1943] provides just that excitement, and it lets you escape from this dreary weather for a while, too.

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Andrews was an explorer at heart, and started out at the American Museum of Natural History in New York. Though he was overqualified, the only position available was for taxidermy, and he wanted so badly to work there that he accepted. His adventurous side wasn’t quite satisfied, and to be true to himself he had to make that longing for adventure his top priority. His experience in exploration began when he went overseas to collect specimen for his boss, whom he had great admiration for. He went on several more journeys over the next few years and in 1920, sailed to Mongolia with the intent of finding a link to human evolution in Asia. Unfortunately, he and his team were searching in layers of an older time period, too far back in time for what he was searching for. Though they didn’t find the link that brought them there, they instead came across numerous fossils of mammals and dinosaurs, and dinosaur eggs. To fund later expeditions, Andrews put the valuable eggs up for auction. He refused to give up, a necessary quality for a true explorer.

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The basis used for Under a Lucky Star was Andrews’ Central Asiatic Expeditions. This was the third of his Asiatic zoological expeditions. In this autobiography, Andrews describes his journey, discoveries and hardships faced while on his expeditions, and he gained popularity to the extent of stardom from it. In fact, the character of Indiana Jones was based on and created from the real life Indy, Roy Chapman Andrews.

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I don’t know about you, but curling up with a nice, intriguing and informational book sounds like the perfect thing to get my mind off of these cold winter days. Feel free to enjoy this book with friends and discuss your take on it!

**This book is part of the E. Paul and Pansy Torrance library at the Center for the History of Psychology that includes many books from the 1940s through the 1960s about adventure and survival, WWII experiences, and psychological testing of soldiers and pilots.

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